Canning Stock Route Wells and Water

Well 41 - Photo Dot CookA walk of the Canning Stock Route can be done from a water availability point of view, IF you are capable of crossing several 100km dry sections. Walking on the tail end of a wet season will improve your chances of success.

Between Wiluna and Durba Springs/Well 17, there is more frequent access to water. This is the easy section with regards to water, terrain and cooler temperatures.

Most of the Canning Stock Route wells are neglected and in disrepair. You need to be willing and capable of treating and drinking water contaminated with dead animals and faeces, as well as drinking surface muddy water, using a variety of treatment methods. This is especially applicable north of Durba where water is scarce due to fewer wells maintained.

A small portable desalinator would be an advantage, but not a necessity. Be wary of relying on filter pumps. They often fail due to the fine clay particles in the water. Well 41 has rendered at least 4 MSR MicroWorks pumps useless. It is wise to employ a number of methods to treat drinking water. Boiling water might sound like the solution, but it requires energy and time to boil water in the typical 1L pots hikers and cyclists carry and then cool it before pouring into plastic water containers, all the while keeping the fire going in order to boil as much as 5 litres. Most days you are just too tired. Unless it is a rest day.

There are SIX super difficult dry sectors between RELIABLE water.

Distances can be reduced to a maximum of 100km along the track, by drinking DODGY water. Water you will have to work for. I have used the track distances on ExplorOz's Canning Stock Route Trek,  as this is the safe option. On the ExplorOz page, click on DIRECTIONS to access track distances between wells. Walking straight lines through trackless bush, between water points, will reduce the distances even further ... and increase the risks.

Billiluna and Well 49 = 192.49km
- Additional good dodgy options at Lake Stretch and Chungla Well, with more dodgy offerings from the open pans with water should it rain, Well 51 and the rockholes at Gulvida soak.

Well 49 and Well 46 = 121.37km
Breaden Hills has three options: Breaden Pool, Godfrey Tank and Dirri Birri Rockholes. Approximately 5km off the main track, one way. I believe a more direct line from Well 49 or Breaden Pools, to Well 46 is a viable option.

Well 46 and Well 41 = 181km (A very tough section)
- There is saline water at Well 43 that has improved in the past with digging and drawing, and camel poo water at Well 42 that is definitely drinkable once dug out a bit and the water boiled.

Well 41 and Well 36 = 134km
- There are good options at Well 39 and Well 37. Both require treating due to heavy animal contamination and Well 39 will require a little digging. Well 38, a rock hole,  has almost always been dry when I have travelled through, but there are times when there is water, so not to be discounted. It is an option, but not reliable.

Well 33 and Well 26 = 212km (A very tough section - possibly the toughest if there is no rain to ease the scarcity of water)
- Options at Well 31 and a soak near Well 27. Both of these require a major effort to access. I dug down 3 metres to get good water from both.

Georgia Bore (near Well 22) to Well 18 = 175km (A very tough section)
- In 2015 there was a mining bore with a water tank on the new mining track intersecting near Well 21 (north side), servicing the Reward Minerals mine on Lake Disappointment.
- Salt water at Savory Creek requires a desalinator, and there is saline black water at Well 19 (A direct line along the shores of Lake Disappointment makes Well 19 an unnecessary diversion). In fact, there are plenty of saline pans along this stretch. A portable desalinator would solve the water issue here, but weight is likely to negate inclusion of this piece of equipment.
- Camel poo water at Onegunyah Rock Hole requires boiling. Not necessary to visit if you can make it to Well 18.

Rain changes everything. But you cannot depend on rain.

Click on photograph

to see how the wells have changed

Wells and Water

GPS Co-ordinates and Name Variations

Water Quality


CSR Wiluna

GPS Co-ords: -26.5921  120.22402

Aboriginal name is Weeloona, meaning Place of Winds

Good Municipal water - No treatment required

CSR Well 1

CSR Well  1

GPS Co-ords:  -26.55781  120.18127

Never tested this water.

So close to Wiluna, there is no logistical reason for a walker to go off the main track to this ruined well.
CSR Well 1A North Pool

CSR Well 1A - North Pool

GPS Co-ords: -26.44619  120.14784

In 1901 known as 12 Mile Pool.
In 1906 listed by Canning as Number 1A Water

Pool is 10km off the main road. Not a real option for a walker. Possibly for a cyclist, but unlikely to be a attractive during a CSR attempt.
Great camping option for a 4x4 traveller if track not boggy.

A nice deep muddy pool of fresh water, with a small camping area. Treat the water before drinking.

Full of yabbies (fresh water prawns) for the eating.


Gooosies Well/Windmill Bore

Track distance from Wiluna to Goosies = 19km

Very good clear water from this farm bore.

  Kutkabubba Community Water Did not test this water, but should be similar to municipal water
CSR Well 2

CSR Well  2 - Karlkalung

GPS Co-ords: -26.283     120.20778

Track distance Well 2 to Well 2A = 38km

2015-04 - Water in well is stale but clear. Treat and drink

2014 - Windmill removed and relocated to another bore. No water in tank. Alan Melville windmill report.

CSR Well 2A

CSR Well  2A - The Granites

GPS Co-ords: -26.00503  120.32064

Track distance Well 2A to Well 2 = 38km

Track distance Well 2A toWell 3 = 31km

A ruined well with dodgy water most years. Treat and drink


Creek water

A few kilomteres hike off track to the east, in direction of Bridalface Outpost

2015-04-08 - Walked along the creek bed looking for water pools, or water beneath the sand in likely creek bends and beneath overhanging bush. Clear drinking  water found in a few places. Treat.

CSR Well 3

CSR Well  3 - Wakunpur

GPS Co-ords: -25.77558 120.4137

Originally known as Number 3 Government Well

Track distance Well 3 toWell 2A = 31km

Track distance Well 3 to Well 3A = 23lkm

2015 - Water nasty brown and smelly. Quality varies greatly from month to month, year to year.

2014 -  Orange

2013-07-31 - Water brown, slightly saline, smelled of musty, rotting vegetation. A struggle to drink.  Treated with Aqua Salveo. No stomach problems.

2013-05-21 - Water was better, smelled less, lighter in colour, only slightly saline, easier to drink

2011 - Water dark caramel colour. Looked like dark varnish

2006 - Water clearer

CSR Well 3A

CSR Well  3A

GPS Co-ords:-25.65272 120.48806

Track distance Well 3A to Well 3 = 23km

2015-07 - There is water, but difficult to extract as the well is in ruins.

Not that important due to frequent bore water points for cattle. This is cattle station country.

  Lake Nabberu Salt water pools
These pools might become less saline with recent rains
They are not that important due to frequent bore water points for cattle.

2015-07 - Almost no water left in pans - drying out.

2015-04-09 - Pans with clear salt water and animal life


Cattle Trough Bore

Distance between Cattle Trough and Well 3A = 24km

2015-09 - Clear water. Treat
  Pharis Bore 2015-04-10 - Good water. Treat
  CSR Well  4 - Kuta Pirla

Originally known as Number 4 Government Well
Not accessible to public. Today's CSR track is routed away from this well
No recent information available
  Snells Pass Bore 2015-04-10 - Good water. Treat
  Kennedy Creek

2015-07 - Water levels had dropped 3 months later and looked dodgy. Treat

2015-04-10 - Pools of water about  1/2 foot deep. Clear. Treat, due to evidence of cattle

  Kennedy Bore

There appears to be some work happening at this bore.

Might come into operation post my visit in 2015

CSR Well 4A

CSR Well 4A

GPS Co-ords:  -25.61778 120.81867

Originally known as Number 4A Government Well

Took water from Windich Spring. No reason  to take water from this derelict well

2015-07 -

2015-4-10 - Unknown

2013 - Ruin. Water ?

CSR Windich Spring

CSR Windich Spring

GPS Co-ords:  -25.55714 120.82572

Named by John Forrest in 1874 after one of his Aboriginal companions, Tommy Windich

Track distance between Windich Springs and Well 5 = 32km

2015-07 - Water clear and okay to drink once treated

2015-04-11 - Water clear and okay to drink once treated

2013-08-19 - Water clear, but open to contamination and still, so treated

2013-07-30 - Water still, but clear, life swimming in it. Water smelled  like rotting vegetation. Unfamiliar, it was hard to drink. Treated the water with Aqua Salveo. No stomach problems

2010 - Water clear looking. Did not drink

CSR Well 4B

CSR Well  4B

GPS Co-ords:  -25.49483  120.88514

Originally known as Number 4B Government Well

2015-07- Unknown

2015-04-12 - Unknown

2013 - Ruin. Water quality unknown

CSR Well 5

CSR Well  5

GPS Co-ords:  -25.37664  121.00439

Originally known as Number 5 Government Well

Track distance between Well 5 and Windich Springs = 32km

Track distance between Well 5 and Well 6 = 19km

2015-07 - Water was good and clear.

2015-04-12 - Water was good and clear, much to my surprise. The first time I have drunk from this well.

2014 - Water orange

2012 - Not operational

2010 - Water good

CSR Well 6

CSR Well  6 - Pierre Spring / Milyirnirri

GPS Co-ords: -25.24032  121.0995

Named Pierre Spring by John Forrest in 1874, after one of his Aboriginal companions, Tommy Pierre

Track distance between Well 6 and Willy Willy Bore = 28km

2015-07 - Water good

2015-04-14 -
A mixed bag this year. Was very good when visited in April and early August, although water levels very low. A couple of dead animals around the well. During the season, however, something may have died in the water as there were reports to it being foul for awhile. Recommend straining due to tiny leach like swimming things

2013 - Water excellent

2010-05-27 - Water excellent

CSR Well 7

CSR Well  7 - Ngunpa

GPS Co-ords:  -25.15819  121.2905

Track distance between Well 7 and Willy Willy Bore = 5km

2015-4-14 - Small amount of toxic looking water. Oil sheen on surface. Dead cows and a camel in the area.

2013 - Ruin. Hole. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water


Willy Willy Bore (cattle station bore)

Note: Bore is a fair bit further south than shown on EOTopo mapping

Track distance Well 6 to Willy Willy Bore = 28km

Track distance Willy Willy to Scorpion Bore = 8.6km

2015-04-14 Water clear and good. Treat
CSR Well 8

CSR Well  8 - Kunpa

GPS Co-ords:  -25.10603  121.38695

2015-07 - Dry

2015-04-14 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. Some shaft left. Water ?

2010 - Ruin. Water ?


Scorpion Bore (cattle station bore)

Track Distance between Canning and Scorpion Bore appoximately 9km

2015-07 - Water clear and good. Treat

2015-04-15 - Water clear and good. Treat


Canning Bore (cattle station bore)

Track distance between Well 9 and Canning Bore approximately 20km

2015-07 - Water in tank clear but with dead birds floating in it. Treat
CSR Well 9

CSR Well  9 - Palatji

GPS Co-ords:  -25.01825  121.58639

Also known as Weld Springs

Track distance between Well 9 and Piccinini Bore = 10.5km
(The turnoff is at 9km)

Track distance between Well 9 and Well 10 = 22km

2015-04-15 - Clear but stale water in well. Has a VERY heavy lid on top of the shaft to keep animals out

The bore providing water to the cattle nearby is clear and tastes good

2013-08-19 -
Water visible in shaft. This is a cattle watering point so may be possible to take water from station bore, with permission


Glen Ayle Station

There are regular bores between Well 9 and Glen Ayle Station, usually around 10km apart, maximum distance 20km.

This is off track, but a safe exit route if required

Piccanini Bore (cattle station bore)

Track distance between Well 9 and Piccinini Bore = 10.5km

Track distance between Piccinini Bore and Well 12 = 66km

2015-04-15 - Good bore / tank water

CSR Well 10

CSR Well 10

GPS Co-ords:  -24.85231  121.65289

Also known as Lucky Well, because it marked the end of the dune country

Track distance between Well 10 and Piccinini Bore = 13km

Track distance between Well 10 and Well 9 = 22km

2015-04 - A small amount of water in a deep shaft. Managed to extract 1L. Water was pink with disturbed gravel. Smelled stale. Drinkable. But there was so little water.

2013 - Ruin. Water ?

CSR Well 11

CSR Well 11

GPS Co-ords:  -24.74897  121.734

Originally known as Goodwin Soak

2015-07 - Saline water

2015-04-19 - Saline. Finches drinking

2013 - Ruin. Water ?


Large Soak

Track distance between large soak and Well 12 = 26km

Almost a little lake at the foot of a dune, a fair way from the track to the west. Easy to see due to recent burn. Plenty of birdlife.

2015-04 - Tasted like fresh rain water


Muddy water in vehicle tracks

2015-04 - Strain, boil and treat. Okay to drink


Shallow soaks

Multiple very shallow pans east of track, easy walking distance

Track distance between shallow soaks and Well 12 = 24km

2015-07 - Only dampness left on surface. Might be possible to dig for seepage. Did not try

2015-04 -
1cm deep water. Sucked up through a narrow clear pipe and transferred into a container. Found a camel print which offered slightly deeper water to suck up. Tasted like fresh rain water.
CSR Well 12

CSR Well 12

GPS Co-ords:  -24.59408  121.87258

Track distance between Piccinini Bore and Well 12 = 66km

Track distance between Well 12 and 15 = 72km

Track distance between Well 12 and Well 13 = 29km

2015-07 - Good water

2015-05 - Well restored by Track Care

2015-04-21 - Water was clear and tasted good. Drank without treating.  No ill effects. Next day pulled out two large dissolved lizard skins. Treated water after that. It rained 21-23 April. Midday temperatures dropped to 11C

2013-08-18 - Excellent water

2013-7-23 - Excellent water

2010 - Excellent water

CSR Well 13

CSR Well 13 - Pulpurrumal

GPS Co-ords:  -24.42214  121.98822

Track distance between Well 13 and Well 12 = 29km

2015-07 - Dry

2015-04-24 - No water in depression
Did extract muddy surface water in vehicle tracks, boil and drink. Soak nearby on the main track was dry on surface

2013-08-18 - Ruin. Difficult to find. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water

CSR Well 14

CSR Well 14 - Djindjimal

GPS Co-ords:  -24.28578  122.05336

2015-07 - Dry

2015-04-25 -

2013-08-18 - Ruin. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water

CSR Well 15

CSR Well 15 - Mandjangga

GPS Co-ords:  -24.14097  122.202

Track distance between Well 12 and 15 = 72km

Track distance between Well 15 and 16 = 15km

2015-07 - Water was clear and good

2015-04-25 - Water was clear and good

2013-08-18 - Dead rat in water

2013-07 - Water very good

CSR Well 16

CSR Well 16 - Larulawa

GPS Co-ords:  -23.90822  122.3835

Track distance between Well 15 and 16 = 15km or 39km???

Track distance between Well 16 and Durba = 43km

2015-04-26 - Clearish, stale, drinkable water. Treat

Warning - There is risk of the walls you stand on to draw water, caving in. There are also pans nearby. Did not check for water as there were a lot of camels in this area. Same in 2013.

CSR Biella Springs

CSR Biella Spring

GPS Co-ords:

2015-04-27 - Clear pools of water along the creek. Would treat due to water being still and open to contamination

The water hole at the source was sludge dodgy

2013-08-18 - Clear pools of water

CSR Well17 Killagarra Gorge

CSR Well 17 - Jilikurru

GPS Co-ords:

Also known as Killagurra (phonetic spelling)

2013-08-17 - Clear pools of water. Water better quality than Durba Springs which is contaminated by human and other animals
CSR Durba Springs

CSR Durba Springs - Jurrpa

GPS Co-ords:


2015-07 - Draw water as far upstream as possible. Strain and treat. Lots of reeds and debris, subject to shower, swimming and animal contamination

2015-04-29 - There is clear water. Treat. More reeds than in 2013

2013-08-16 - Usual levels of water

2013-07-19 - Usual levels of water, however quality affected by human contamination. Travellers swim in and shower next to it, and ranger's herbicide leaches into the pool. I collected water up stream and travellers topped me up with water from Well 17, which was better quality

2013-05-23 - Water clear but with a herbicide smell

2010 - Good water

CSR Well 18

CSR Well 18 - Wankuju

GPS Co-ords:  -23.56344  122.52853

Track distance between Well 18 and Diebel Hills intersection = 15km

Track distancebetween Well 18 and Terence Hill / Onegunya Rockhole = 15km

Well restored

2015-07 - Water clear and okay to drink

2015-05-01 - Water clear and okay to drink

2013-08-16 - Water quality poor, slightly saline, but drinkable

Note: some cyclists report upset stomachs so treat water


CSR Onegunyah Rockhole

GPS Co-ords:

Track distance between Well 18 and Terence Hill / Onegunya Rockhole = 15km

Track distance between Onegunyah Rockhole and intersection / turn off on main track = 10km

Track distance between intersection / turn off and Well 19 = 17km

2015-07 - What a surprise! Rockhole full of water. Water good to drink after treating or boiling.

2015-05-01 - A sludgy puddle. Desperate times, but drinkable once strained and treated. Boiling helps separate the particles of camel poo.

CSR Well 19

CSR Well 19 - Kunangititi

GPS Co-ords:  -23.42681 122.48872

Also known as Kunanaggi (phonetic spelling)

Track distance between Well 19 and Well 18 = 22km

Track distance between Well 19 and turn off to Onegunyah Rockhole = 17km

2015-07 - Salty, nasty black water

2015-05-01 - Salty, nasty black slush, even after digging down

2014-08-17 - A shallow hole with very dirty, unappealing water

2013-08-16 - A shallow hole with dirty water

2013-5 - A shallow hole with dirty water


Savory Creek

Recommend walking off track as I did in 2013, taking a direct line from Savory Creek to a side track just north of  near Onegunyah Rockhole, completely bypassing Well 19 and saving 20+ kms. The straightline walk is about 21km to the small side track onto the lake, north of Onegunyah. The terrain is easy walking, mostly flat. Beware of hard salt lakes becoming wet and boggy if taking short cuts. The experience can be frightning and exhausting.

2015-05-02 - VERY clear, salty water at all times

Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1409

Do NOT rely

2015-05-02 - Water. Did not taste.


Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1410

Do NOT rely

2015-05-02 - Saline

CSR Well 20

CSR Well 20 - Karanyal

GPS Co-ords:  -23.25397  122.59672

Also known as Karanyulu (phonetic spelling)

Far off the track. No reason for a cyclist or walker to go out there. Nice 4x4 desert oak campsite though

2015-05-02 - Dry. Barely a depression, just a few pieces of metal.

2013 - Ruin. No visible water

CSR Well 21

CSR Well 21 - Jilkupuka

GPS Co-ords:  -23.17764 122.8095

Also known as Tjilkabulka (phonetic spelling)

2015-07 - Some slightly saline  water

2015-05 - Some water, slightly saline, smelly, stale. Possible to drink small amounts, but there was an alternative close by in 2015

2013 - Ruin. Some water, but difficult to get to


Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1418

Do NOT rely

2015-07 - Sealed. Unable to extract water

2015-06 -
Pipe open. Saline water

Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1419

Do NOT rely
2015-07 - Sealed. Unable to extract water

2015-06 -
Pipe open. Slightly saline water

Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1420

Do NOT rely
2015-07 - Sealed. Unable to extract water

2015-06 -
Pipe open, but with obstruction that made drawing water frustrating. Saline water
CSR Well 22

CSR Well 22 - Martilirri

GPS Co-ords:  -23.12067  123.04236

o known as Matirlirra (phonetic spelling)

2015 - Dry. Plants stressed with water shortage.

2013 - Ruin. No visible water.

CSR Georgia Bore

CSR Georgia Bore

GPS Co-ords:
A reliable water source that does not require treating

2015 -
Water excellent

2013 - Water excellent

2011 - Water excellent

2010 - Water excellent

Mining PVC bore pipe casing #14..
Unable to read number

Do NOT rely

2015-07 - Warning - Might be capped and inaccessible

2015-06-10 - Water clear but with dead lizard. Salty

CSR Well 23

CSR Well 23 - Kalpya

GPS Co-ords:  -23.07928  123.22053

2015-06-10 - Dry depression

2013 - Ruin. No visible water


Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1423

Do NOT rely

2015-7 - Warning - Might be capped and inaccessible like others. Did not check as was salty in June and had drinking water at capped bore near Well 24

2015-06-10 - Water clear but very salty. Salty dry pans in area


Mining PVC bore pipe casing #1427

Do NOT rely

2015-05-10 - Dry, but signs of a drainage trough nearby, so maybe water at other times

Capped Bore

Been there for a number of years. A good option. Need to be able to extract water via narrow PVC bore piping. One litre billy will not do.

Track distance between Georgia Bore and Capped Bore = 35km

2015 - Water clear, drinkable, but stale. Bailing likely to improve the quality of the water. Treat
CSR Well 24

CSR Well 24 - Kartarru

GPS Co-ords:  -23.10947  123.3435

Also known as Karara or Curara Soaks (phonetic spelling)

Track distance between Well 24 and Well 26 = 47km

2015-07 - Dodgy water

2015-05-10 - Water drinkable once treated, but dodgy. Better option is to take from the capped bore nearby

2013-08-15 - Filled with water, quality unknown

2013-07 - Green plants on top of water. Quality very suspect

2010 - Water a toxic looking neon green slime


Valley water
About 4km on the northern part of the track up on a rocky rise, look down into the deep valley on the west side of the track

2015-05-11 - Dry

2013 -
There was plenty of water. Quality unknown

CSR Well 25

CSR Well 25 - Warntili

GPS Co-ords:  -22.98278  123.39672

2015-07 - Dry

2015-05-10 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible signs of water


Clay pans with water

2015-07 - Dry

2015-05 - Dry

2013-08 - Plentiful muddy water

2013-07 - Plentiful muddy water

2013-05 - Plentiful muddy water
CSR Well 26

CSR Well 26 - Tiwa

GPS Co-ords:  -22.91606  123.50572

Track distance between Well 26 and Well 24 = 47km

2015-07- Excellent water

2015-05 - Excellent water. One of the best restored wells on the Canning Stock Route

2013 - Water very good

2010 - Water very good

CSR Well 27

CSR Well 27 - Rarrki

GPS Co-ords:  -22.79469  123.64428

2015-05-24- The well was dry, the surrounding area stressed through lack of water. Fire damage since my visit in 2013. No birds. Due to fallen in timber and the numerous round holes in the walls of the well, I declined to dig for water for safety reasons. (Snakes? Or maybe mice. But where there are mice there is likely to be snakes.)

2013-07-08 - Water in the shaft. The shaft was hidden in long grass and mulga bush. I never drank as I did not need to. Birds were drinking the water. Nests with babies in the mulga bush. Predator birds hunting in the area.


SOAK 700m down the side track heading west of CSR Well 27

Track distance between Well 27 Soak and Well 33 = 191km

Track distance between Well 27 Soak and Well 30 = +-100km

Don't blindly follow the track all the way to the end - that is for lost people who have no idea where they are going. After half a kilometre - look to your right for an open gravel space with a tiny bit of green grass. That is the soak. Beyond are scrappy looking trees

2015-07 - There was still water, the hole open. But some idiot had shot the dingo.

2015-05-24 - A few weeks later I heard that a dingo had dug another half meter and found water. I returned to see it for myself. At 2.5 - 3m from surface, found good water on my second attempt. Also found a white plastic bucket that someone, a long time ago, had used to try form a small well casing - at 2m below the surface.

2015-05 - Hole filled up with sand. First attempt I dug until I found damp soil which wasps were excited about, but no water.  Shaking with exhaustion I gave up too soon at about 2m.

CSR Well 28

CSR Well 28 - Wuranu

Also known as Waranu (phonetic spelling)

GPS Co-ords:  -22.64314  123.75719

Track distance from Well 27 to Well 28 - 33km

2015 - Dry, barely a depression

2013 - Ruin. No visible signs of water


Camel pools - small clay pans

2015-05-27 - Walking in the opposite direction to the first turn off to Thring Rock, found camel pools with muddy water.

There were also clay pools around Thring Rock

CSR Well 29

CSR Well 29 - Mamunara

Also known as Mamurnarra (phonetic spelling)

GPS Co-ords:  -22.55483  123.879

2015 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible signs of water

CSR Well 30

CSR Well 30 - Juntujuntu

GPS Co-ords:  -22.50411  124.13969

Also known as Dunda Jinda (phonetic spelling)

2015-05-27 - Dug down 2.5 - 3m from surface level and found drinkable water

2013 - Ruin. No visible signs of water


Soak about a 100m from Well 30

2015 - If it was the correct place, it was dry at 1.5m when I hit a limestone bowl
CSR Well 31

CSR Well 31 - Walawala

GPS Co-ords:  -22.52558  124.40714

Also known as Wullowla or Warlawarla (phonetic spelling)

2015 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible water


Snell's Well

Only a few pieces of loose metal sheets - well covers, to let a person know that there was some history here
CSR Well 32

CSR Well 32 - Nyarruri

GPS Co-ords:  -22.40606  124.5855

2015 - Dry, not even a depression, just a few pieces of scrap metal

2013 - Ruin. No visible signs of water

CSR Well 33

CSR Well 33 - Kunawarritj

GPS Co-ords:  -22.34189  124.77519

Also known as Gunowaggi (phonetic spelling)

In 2013, the original Old Well received a new concrete framework and mesh cover. This is for historical purposes. There is water in the shaft, but it is not in use.

The NEW WELL has a windmill which draws good, clear drinking water to the surface and stores it in a tank for traveller use. Excess water overflows into a pool from which animals drink. Most 4x4 travellers will still elect to fill up at the community tap a few kms away.

This water is excellent every year, certainly since 2010
CSR Kunawarriti Community

CSR Kunawarritji Community

GPS Co-ords:

2015 - Water smelled heavily of chlorine. I opted to drink Well 33 water instead.
CSR Well 34

CSR Well 34 - Nyipil

GPS Co-ords:  -22.25903  124.90258

Also known as Nibil (phonetic spelling)

Track distance from Kunawarritji about 25km

2015-07 - Saline

2015-05-29 - Saline. There was some ugly water in a shallow hole. Dug about 2ft (over 1.5m from the surface), emptying the old water and new water poured in like a garden hose. It was salty.

2013 - A little digging, no more than two feet, revealed dirty water seepage

CSR Well 35

CSR Well 35 - Kinyu

GPS Co-ords:  -22.21319  125.05058

Also known as Minjoo (phonetic spelling)

A difficult well to find in a frustrating maze of mulga and lost tracks. Getting out just as hard.

Tip: on the way in, keep left until you see some wooden posts recently semi-installed. On the way out keep right until you find the main track. Sounds simple. But Well 35 is a maze of tracks.

2015-05-29 - Hard to be sure where the well is. Scraps of metal laying about, no notable depression. A narrow PVC pipe was installed in 19..? It has some slow water seepage, not more than 1cm on the bottom and does not seem to improve. The pipe is likely blocked up.

2013-06 - No visible water

2011 - No visible water

2010 - No visible water


Bungabinni Well

GPS Co-ords:

A wooden shaft well - smaller than Canning's wells

2015-05-29 - Bitter water
CSR Well 36

CSR Well 36 - Kilkil

GPS Co-ords:  -22.13956  125.28325

Also known as Wanda


2015-05-30 - Water good, but not as good as in previous years

2013-08 - Water good

2013-06 - Water good

2013-05 - Water good

2011 - Water good for me, but not for cyclist Martijn Boonman who came after me in 2011. He found a dead camel in the well. I was lucky, he was not.

2010 - Water good

CSR Well 37

CSR Well 37  - Lipuru

GPS Co-ords:  -22.155  125.45917

Also known as Libral or Haunted Well

2015-05-30 - Open and messy with camel poo and bird contamination. Requires treatment. Is drinkable.

2013-06 - Nasty looking water

2011 - Water was foul. In those days I was precious and preferred to walk another 20km back to Well 36 rather than strain, boil and drink it

2010 - Water foul


Ural Native Well

GPS Co-ords:

Track to this well is no longer visible

Did not find
CSR Well 38

CSR Well 38 - Wajaparni

GPS Co-ords:  -21.951  125.53392

Also known as Wardabunna Rockhole (phonetic spelling)

Rocky ground is a good catchment area for water.
Personally never seen water in the main pool, only once in a tiny pool

2015-05-31 - Dry

2014-08 - Dry

2013-08-12 - Some water in shallow cave pool, part of a rocklands creek system

2011 - Dry

2010-06-15 - A small amount of foul water in a small rockhole

2009 - Treated water. Drinkable

CSR Well 39

CSR Well 39 - Kukapanyu

GPS Co-ords:  -21.76703  125.65172

Also known as Murguga

2015-07 - Well seems reliable, with water still in the hole dug the previous month. 

2015-06-01 - There was a depression in the silted up derelict well shaft where birds and dingoes could drink - held about 10L of water. Dug about 2ft deeper, water turning into a murky grey liquid which I tried to empty with a billy. More water filtered in overnight and settled. About 50L. Drinkable once treated. 

2013-08-12 - Small amount of water in one corner of the sand filled well

2010-06-19 - Small amount of water in one corner

CSR Well 40

CSR Well 40 - Natawalu

GPS Co-ords:  -21.66792  125.78853

Also known as Waddawalla

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06-02 - Dry 

2013-08-12 - Ruin. Soak in the surrounding area dry

2011 - Dry

2010-06-19 - Dry

Well 41

CSR Well 41 - Tiru

GPS Co-ords:  -21.55344  125.84817

2015-07 - Water was the best I have seen it. This well water quality is highly variable.

2015-06-02 - Water was the best I have seen it. This well water quality is highly variable.

2014-07-30 - Water very brown and opaque. Mateusz Waligóra's water filter broke whilst he tried to pump water. Bert van Diermen's MSR Miniworks also stopped pumping water after a few strokes.

2013-8-11 - Water cloudy. Scott Felter and Tom Walwyn's MRS MiniWorks struggled to pump the water, so they gave up and drank the water untreated. Water bugs may have caused Tom Walwyn's illness, plaguing him all the way to  Billiluna.

2010 - Water a toxic looking neon orange from vegetation colouring, but see through

2005 - Flooded, so plenty of water. Filtering, boiling or treating recommended

CSR Well 42

CSR Well 42 - Kulyayi

GPS Co-ords:  -21.3155  125.88242

Also known as Guli Tank (phonetic spelling)

2015-7 - Water holes dug from previous month still there but quality very dodgy. Best to dig a new hole. Only a foot or two digging required to release water.

2015-6-2 - There were already a couple of small holes dug in order for birds and animals to access water. I dug a third small hole less than 2ft deep to check how quickly it filled and if quality improved. It was fast and the water, once settled, a better quality than the holes that were exposed to animal contamination.

2013-08-11 - Some surface water

2011 - Some foul water in shallow holes

2010 - No water, but very green. Did not dig.

2005 - Flooded, so plenty of water. Filtering, boiling or treating recommended

1973 Walkers dug a hole next to the well, which produced good water 


CSR Well 43 - Katajilkarra

GPS Co-ords:  -21.21333  125.97381

Also known as Billowaggi

2015-07- Water still saline. Finches drinking.

2015-06-02 - Dug down about 1.5m in Ray Gard Well next to Well 43. Slightly saline water. Might improve with rain or drawing of water?

2013-08-11 - Ruin. No visible water

2011 - Ruin. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water

CSR Well43 and Well44 - inbetween

Between Well 43 and Well 44

2005 - Jakub Postrzygacz took water dug from a hole in the ground. Recent rains, birds and animal tracks help to locate water between working wells. These are often called “native wells” orsoaks where holes were dug into sand or soil laying next to the point where a sloping surface of hard, impermeable rock disappeared beneath a flat plain. The upraised rock surface serves as a rainwater catchment and the run-off soaks into the soft sediments surrounding it.

Sometimes wells are located in swales between sandridges with no close proximity to rocky outcrops. In such cases there may be a widespread subsurface water table that is accessible only in the more depressed regions. With few exceptions, the depth of these native wells does not exceed about 4 or 5 metres, but an average depth is only about 1.5 metres. Sometimes the water is just below the surface as with Jakub's hole, at Well 42 and Well 19

Burnagu Sand Soak - not found.
4.2km south of Well 44

2015-07 - could not find soak
CSR Well 44

CSR Well 44 - Jimpirrinykarra (This name is the tribal spelling for the soak below. Check)

GPS Co-ords:  -21.01386  126.15003

2015 - There is barely a depression. Hot, dry hard land meant there was no thought of digging.

Instead I tried to locate two Aboriginal wells or soaks in the area - Failed, despite having Cannings co-ordinates. Simply no trace in the sand. To find them would have meant deep digging in various likely locations. Without seeing a strong likely option, I declined.

2013 - Ruin. No water

2011 - Ruin. No water

2010 - Ruin. No water

1973 - Ruin. no water

Jimberingga Soak - not found despite 8 hours of searching. 3.4km north of Well 44


Gravity Lakes

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06 -

2013-08-11 - No water

2013-06 - Muddy water in the pans

2011 - Some muddy pan dampness

CSR Well 45

CSR Well 45 - Jintijinti

GPS Co-ords:  -20.79375  126.17478

Also known as Tjinditjindi (phonetic spelling)

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. A big hole where the walls of the well have caved in. No visible water

Well46 water quality in 2010

CSR Well 46 - Kujuwarri

GPS Co-ords:  -20.64186  126.28772

Also known as Kuduarra or Kotjowari (phonetic spelling)

2015-07 - Water level was low, but good

2015-06 - A difficult year for Well 46. Water levels were lower than usual, perhaps a combination of being pumped due to a dead animal fouling the water. Also the heavy use by increasing numbers of tour groups. The two occasions I drew water heading north and then south, the water was good.

2013-08-09 -
Well water excellent

2013-06-13 - Well water excellent with plenty of flood waters in the area

2013-05 - Well water excellent with plenty of flood waters in the area

2011-06-17 - Water excellent

2010-06-18 - Water excellent

Point Massie

Point Massie

GPS Co-ords:

A part of the CSR not generally visited.

Off track distance between Point Massie and Well 46 = 29km

Shortest off track distance from main track Point Massie rock hole = +-5km

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06-08 -
Water in main pool and clearer water in smaller pools above

2010 - Plenty of water. Quality. Point  Massie again in June

2003 - A very small amount of foul water. Alan McCall - Outback Yonder

CSR Well 47

CSR Well 47 - Kartalapuru

GPS Co-ords:  -20.43036  126.29156

Also known as Kardalapuru (phonetic spelling)

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible water

2011 - Ruin. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water

1973 - A difficult well to find in those days. There was water, but plenty of animal contamination. Required boiling. Was drinkable


Dirribirri Rock Holes

2015-07 - A double rockhole with clear and plentiful, drinkable water in the top rockhole and milky brown water in lower pool

1973 - Good water

CSR Breaden Pool

CSR Breaden Pool

GPS Co-ords:  -20.24645  126.57089

This is the easy option if it has water. Requires treatment

2015-07 - Water level dropped noticably. Okay to drink once treated

2015- 06 - Good clear water

2013-08-08 - Water foul

2010 - Water clear

2009-05 - Water foul
CSR Godfrey Tank

CSR Godfrey Tank - Wartikarrapungu

GPS Co-ords:  -20.24847  126.52333

2015-07 - Dry. I would dig if desperate, but other waterholes in the area had water

2015-06 - Small pool of dodgy water

2013-08-09 - Good amount of water, slighty better quality water than Breaden Pool

CSR Well 48

CSR Well 48 - Kaningarra

GPS Co-ords:

Also known as Koningara (phonetic spelling)

2015-7 - Dry

2015-06 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible water

2011 - Ruin. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water
Well49 water in 2010

CSR Well 49 - Lampa

GPS Co-ords:  -20.16433  126.68122

Also known as Lumbu or Lumba (phonetic spelling)

A very reliable well. Also known as Crystal or Diamond Well due to the excellent clear quality of the water.

2015-07 - Excellent water

2015-06 - Excellent water

2013 - Excellent water

2011 - Excellent water

2010 - Excellent water

Rockhole at the end of a side track from Well 50 passing Culvida Soak

Rockhole at the end of the side track from Well 50, passing Gulvida Soak

GPS Co-ords:

Depending on recent rains there are a number of rockhole options in this little gorge

2015-07 - A little dodgy water left in one rock pool

2015-06 - Dodgy water in 2 rock pools. Image is of the pool with the most water. Animal contamination. Treat

  Gulvida Soak between Well 50 and the Rockhole 2015-06 - Never found water in the soak/sandy river bed
CSR Well 50

CSR Well 50 - Jikarn

GPS Co-ords: -20.20931 126.96444

Also known as Tjan (phonetic spelling)

2015-07 - Dry

2015-06 - Dry

2013 - Ruin. No visible water

2011 - Ruin. No visible water

2010 - Ruin. No visible water

CSR Well 51

CSR Well 51 - Wirriyarra

GPS Co-ords:  -20.14778 127.14603

Also known as Weriaddo (phonetic spelling)

Windmill turns but is not connected and therefore does not draw water

2015 - There was clear water in the shaft next to the windmill. It was stale but once aired and treated, drinkable

2013 -
No visible water

2011 - No visible water

2010 - No visible water


Chungla Bore

2015-07 - Upwelling of clear water from broken windmill bore. Plenty of finches. Treat

2015-06 - Clear water spring with plenty of finches. Treat

CSR Lake Stretch

CSR Stretch Lagoon and area between Well 51 and Billiluna

GPS Co-ords:  -19.67966  127.58841

Stretch Lagoon is known locally as Lake Stretch. Aboriginal name is Nyarna

Area between Billiluna and Well 51 subject to flooding. Lake Stretch, 15km from Billiluna has milky brown water most months. Animal activity. Prudent to treat the water

2015-07 - Plentiful milky brown water to drink. Treat first

2013-06 - Road and pans were dry in the first week of June, but flooded mid June.

2011-06-18 - Numerous pans filled with water. Some minor track flooding

2010 - Water milky brown

CSR Billiliuna Community

CSR Billiluna

GPS Co-ords:  -19.55512  127.66164

Aboriginal name is Mindibungu. Also known locally as Kurrurungku, meaning wallaby area

Good water. No additional treatment required

CSR Halls Creek

GPS Co-ords:  -18.22485  127.66647

Municipal water. No additional treatment required



Please note: This information is provided as a guideline only. Water availablity changes on a month to month basis. I strongly recommend that you drive the track first to familiarise yourself with the terrain, to check water availablity and confirm details such as distances.

* ExplorOz Canning Stock Route Trek Report -
VERY useful information re distances, permits etc for ANYONE travelling the CSR.
* Bicycle Nomad - For CYCLISTS, 2013 CSR cyclist Tom Walwyn provides an excellent ride report, together with preparation details.
* Paul Wise - WELLS OF THE CANNING STOCK ROUTE: their general deterioration over time - historical interest.
* Phil Bianchi - Historian and Author of Work Completed, Canning - history from the white colonisers perspective.
* Photographs taken by 4x4 traveller, Shane Gerrish, of Big Red Photographics.


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